2001-2010 United Nations Decade to Roll Back Malaria
What Is Malaria? PDF version |  Malaria in Africa  PDF version |  Malaria in Pregnancy PDF version |  Insecticide-Treated Mosquito Nets PDF version |  Children and Malaria PDF version | RBM and Complex Emergencies PDF version |  Epidemic Prediction and Response PDF version |  Facts on ACTs PDF version |  Economic Costs of Malaria PDF version |  Monitoring and Evaluation PDF version

RBM and complex emergencies

AT LEAST a million deaths from malaria occur worldwide each year—90% of them in Africa, south of the Sahara. Up to 30% of Africa's malaria deaths are in countries undergoing complex emergencies-situations in which war, civil strife, food shortages and displacement affect large civilian populations. Today, over 120 million people in Africa alone are living in countries affected by complex emergencies.

Malaria deaths during these events usually far exceed those caused by the conflict at the root of the emergency itself. The chaos, which follows war or civil unrest, can destroy health systems, cut food supplies and expose people to multiple infections. Poor living conditions in temporary camps and war-affected towns can increase both vector and water born disease transmission, eroding an individual's immune system.

The RBM Secretariat and its Technical Support Network on Complex Emergencies are helping countries deal with complex emergencies by mobilizing NGOs and other emergency partners, training and equipping them and providing technical support to increase their capacity to respond quickly and effectively to emergency situations. Key activities include:


Roll Back Malaria is a global partnership initiated by WHO, UNDP, UNICEF and the World Bank in 1998. It seeks to work with governments, other development agencies, NGOs, and private sector companies to reduce the human and socio-economic costs of malaria.
Roll Back Malaria, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, CH-1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
Tel: +41 22 791 2891 E-mail: inforbm@who.int