2001-2010 United Nations Decade to Roll Back Malaria
What Is Malaria? PDF version |  Malaria in Africa  PDF version |  Malaria in Pregnancy PDF version |  Insecticide-Treated Mosquito Nets PDF version |  Children and Malaria PDF version |  RBM and Complex Emergencies PDF version |  Epidemic Prediction and Response PDF version |  Facts on ACTs PDF version |  Economic Costs of Malaria PDF version | Monitoring and Evaluation PDF version

Monitoring and evaluation

A child being checked for fever: Accurate monitoring and evaluation allows the progress of RBM interventions to be closely monitored at local, regional and global levels.THE RBM initiative has a precise objective—to halve the world's malaria burden by 2010—which it means to achieve with interventions known to be effective against malaria, resting on well-defined strategies. Monitoring and evaluation are essential components of RBM since monitoring measures the implementation of RBM's range of strategic activities while evaluation measures the extent to which its objectives are being reached.

Monitoring, which is a continuous on-going activity allows step-by-step recording of the progress made by health programmes in general and RBM in particular. Monitoring, which measures process indicators, should be carried out at district, as well as at provincial, national, regional and global levels. Apart from ensuring that RBM activities are being implemented in the agreed manner, it allows decision-makers to stay aware of all problems and constraints which may slow down progress and provide the information they may need to refine their planning.

Evaluation is concerned with impact indicators, which allow periodic assessment of the way in which strategies and implemented activities reach the planned objectives.

Evaluation indicators fall into two groups:

Five indicators are considered so important by all partners that they have been selected as global indicators.

There are two impact indicators…

… and three outcome indicators.

However, all countries implementing RBM strategies are free to define additional indicators that suit the local epidemiological situation and the specific RBM strategies important to that country.

All monitoring and evaluation data are collected at country level and used to improve the management of malaria control programmes. Results are also shared with RBM partners and transmitted to regional offices and WHO headquarters for compilation, analysis and assessment of the global malaria situation.


Roll Back Malaria is a global partnership initiated by WHO, UNDP, UNICEF and the World Bank in 1998. It seeks to work with governments, other development agencies, NGOs, and private sector companies to reduce the human and socio-economic costs of malaria.
RBM Roll Back Malaria, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, CH-1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
Tel: +41 22 791 2891 E-mail: inforbm@who.int